Knowledge of the types of freshwater fish and their unique attributes goes a long way in making one a successful angler. Ideally, you should always be improving your knowledge of different fishing subjects like types of habitats, and feeding patterns. That said, here is a general classification of the main species of freshwater fish you are likely to come across in your fishing adventures.
Types of Fresh Water Fish – Based on Water Temperatures
Warm Water Fish
Warm water fish species are known to live in a wide range of conditions. However, they are also known to survive other temperatures only that they thrive in environments with temperatures around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Some good examples of warm water fish species include the largemouth bass, bluegill, catfish, sunfish, and crappies.
Cold Water Fish
As expected, cold water fish species thrive in cold environments. As such, this types of fish are common in freezing areas or elevated areas capable of supporting cold water. Goldfish, brook trout, brown trout, and the rainbow are among the most popular cold water fish species. Cold water species are mostly found in environments with less than 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cool Water Fish
Species that fall into this category grow best in environments with temperatures ranging from 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit – between the other two categories. Some fish species that fall under this classification include the northern pike, walleye, and yellow perch fish.
Freshwater fish species are classified into one of these categories based on the water temperatures. Water temperature also determines the amounts of dissolved oxygen. As such, cold water fish can survive in environments with low oxygen amounts. Finding a freshwater fishing spot should not be hard. A simple online search can open you to lots of ideas. But first, you need to get the right gear depending on the environment and the species you will be targeting.